Anaemia is a condition of low circulabity Hb i.e., Hb concentration of less than 11gm/dl in pregnancy. It is very common in developing countries like India.
Consequences of Anaemia
· Spontaneous Abortion
· Preterm labour and delivery
· Intrauterine growth retardation.
· Pregnancy induced Hypertension
· Low birth weight baby.
· Low IQ of baby
Why anaemia is common in India
In India, anemia antedates pregnancy, is aggravated by increased requirement during pregnancy, delivery, infections in antenatal and postnatal period and the early advent of next pregnancy perpetuates it.
PREVENTION OF IRON DEFICIENCY
Ø Iron supplementation during teenage and pregnancy and after delivery
Ø Improvement of dietary habits
Ø Iron rich food like green leafy vegetables, cereals sprouted Pulses and cooks their food in Iron utensils.
Ø Avoidance of frequent Child birth.